Vatican City, Oct 4, 2005 (CNA) - Msgr. Tadeusz Kondrusiewicz, Catholic Archbishop of Moscow, says Liturgical reformation needs to be reformed, with a new document in order to correct the many abuses in the celebration of the Eucharist.
Speaking in Italian, the Russian Archbishop noted that the liturgical reform allowed a more conscious, active and fruitful participation of the faithful in the Eucharist.
“Nevertheless, along with the positive aspects, other negatives came along.”
The insufficient discipline and liturgical conscience in the Eucharistic celebration, gives a bad influence, as well as in ecumenical relations,” the Prelate said. Because the violation of liturgical norms obscures the faith and the doctrine of the Church on the Eucharist, it leads to the betrayal of the norm. “Lex orandi-Lex credendi. “ (“ we believe what we pray.”)
The Eucharist, he added, is placed at the heart of the Christian faith, that suffers foremost from the corruption of the Eucharist. Pope Benedict XVI, made a call to eucharistic devotion and the bold and clear affirmation in the real presence of the Lord, mostly it its solemnity.
“A change in the liturgical life requires that we approve a new doctrinal document that stresses the observance of liturgical norms.” Because “Christ doesn’t have to suffer for the abuse in the eucharistic celebration, that always has to be welcomed and lived as “sacrum,” as a mysterious renewal of Christ’s sacrifice.
Vatican City, Oct 4, 2005 (CNA) - The interventions of the Prelates present at the synod during the first general congregations of the Synod on the Eucharist, indicated their concern of the trivialization of the sacrament within ecclesial communities.
On Monday, during his talk, Cardinal Francis Arinze, Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Cult and the Discipline of Sacraments, approached this Tuesday the theme of receiving communion in the mouth or in the hand, reminding how receiving the communion in the hand has led to abuses, “that could happen, and that already happened, like the use for satanic rituals, the auction on the internet and other wrongs.”
The prelate didn’t propose an answer to this dilemma, but invited for “greater vigilance for celebrants, in order to ensure that it is consumed.
Msgr. Peter Kang, of Cheju (Korea), warned that the participation of children in the Eucharist is decreasing dramatically along with the age. The children that don’t come to Mass say that Mass is boring and not interesting. As well, adults say the same, and don’t feel motivated to participate.
Our priority is to justify and make grow the heart of the Catholics, their desire and aspiration to participate in the Eucharist. In order to transmit to the modern people the eucharistic mystery, it is not sufficient to reinforce vigorously the rules and regulations of Eucharistic celebration.
On our part, as bishops, we have to work with more intensity to search for the instruments that would bring to the Catholics of today, the experience of the genuine value of the Eucharist, the plain participation to it, and the experience of the joy it arouses, said Msgr Kang.
The Chilean Cardinal Jorge Medina Estevez, Emeritus Prefect of the Congregation that presides Cardinal Arinze, warned on his behalf of the tendency to convert certain liturgical celebration, like wedding or funeral masses in events more “social” than properly liturgical.
The liturgy of the deceased, above all, and the abuse that leads to convert the homily of this liturgy in an praise to the deceased person, he warned.
Msgr. John Patrick Foley, President of the Pontifical Council for Social Communications, referred to the necessity to stave off the trivialization of Mass, when broadcast through television.
“I can attest that most of the televised liturgies are celebrated reverently and reflect careful preparation. Occasionally, however, individual celebrants will be seen to depart from the liturgical norms of the Church, and this can serve at least to disorient and perhaps disedify some viewers, and give some priests and people the impression that departure from liturgical norms is justified, because they have seen it on television.”
Broadcast liturgies should be viewed as normative for what is to be expected in local celebrations of the Eucharist. The reverence of the celebrant and participants, the faithfulness to the liturgical law of the Church, the quality of the music and the participation of the faithful should be models of liturgical worship, inspiring for the faithful and edifying for those who do not share our faith but who may be watching or listening, even out of curiosity.
The telecasting of the liturgy is not merely a service for the sick and the elderly who cannot personally assist at Mass. Watching a telecast liturgy can be an appropriate preparation for personal assistance at Sunday liturgy or it can be a continued period of thanksgiving and reflection after the worshipper has returned home.
The Archbishop of Chile proposed a Year of penance”, to complete the Year of the Eucharist.” Msgr Cristian Caro Cordero, Archbishop of Puerto Montt (Chile), proposed this Tuesday, the call for a “Year of Penance”, to reinforce the fruits of the”Year of the Eucharist”, that will end this month.
“My proposal is that, given the narrow theological, spiritual and pastoral link between the Eucharist and the Sacrament of Penance, and taking into account the many shadows surrounding this sacrament, that a year be devoted to the Sacrament of Penance, having as fundamental themes: The sense of a living God and his true eclipse in the modern culture;
The need of salvation and the proclamation of Jesus Christ; the sense of sin, that is decreasing or absent, as a consequence of moral relativism; the celebration of the Sacrament of Penance; spiritual guidance, the Sacrament of Penance as an encounter of the sinner that converts from his own misery and God which in his mercy, forgives him; the conditions in which to receive the Holy Communion.”
Then, in respect to the relation between Eucharist and the pastoral of vocation, Msgr. Caro Cordero proposed that “ in the “Year of Penance”, Priests would be encouraged and formed for spiritual guidance of youth and give more time to the Sacrament of Reconciliation, which together with the Eucharist is fundamental for spiritual guidance.
Washington D.C., Oct 4, 2005 (CNA) - The United States’ progress is “decidedly mixed” in fostering a culture where every human life is respected and defended, said Cardinal William Keeler.
In a written statement marking Respect Life Sunday, Oct. 2, the Chairman of the U.S. bishops’ Committee for Pro-Life Activities invited people to pledge that they will do the utmost this year to promote a culture of life.
“On Respect Life Sunday we reflect on God’s priceless gift of human life,” said the archbishop of Baltimore. “We acknowledge with gratitude the many blessings we enjoy as creatures made in the image of God — our capacity to make moral choices, to know and love God and serve one another.”
“The truth that human life has a purpose, given by its Creator, has been a bedrock of Western civilization … [and] animated our country’s founding documents,” he said. “God’s creative and sustaining love for every human being is the one sure source of human dignity and freedom. His love for us is the fundamental reason why every human life must be valued and defended.”
The cardinal made reference to several legal and medical developments, which do not respect human life.
He noted that the “Supreme Court will soon rule on whether Oregon physicians may demand access to federally controlled drugs so they can assist the suicides of sick and elderly patients.”
As well, while “stem cells from adult tissues and umbilical cord blood can now treat dozens of diseases and may soon treat many more … some persist in pursuing immoral and speculative research using stem cells obtained by killing developing humans in their first week of life.”
And while reproductive medicine has helped some couples have children, “in vitro fertilization is now best known for its tendency to produce ‘spare’ embryos who are frozen and sometimes destroyed for research,” he said. “And some fertility experts today sort (and reject) embryonic humans to eliminate those with identifiable ‘defects’- or simply with traits the parents do not prefer.
“In short, the ‘healing arts’ are moving beyond the field of healing and into an ethical minefield, where technical knowledge can be used as much to demean life as to serve it,” Cardinal Keeler said.
Washington D.C., Oct 4, 2005 (CNA) - The fight against the root causes of poverty in the United States will get a $9-million boost from the Catholic Campaign for Human Development (CCHD). The CCHD, the anti-poverty initiative of the U.S. Catholic Bishops, made the announcement yesterday.
An additional $150,000 will be committed for special grants of $50,000 each to three different community-organizing networks—Pacific Institute of Community Organizations, the Industrial Areas Foundation, and the Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now—to assist the victims of Hurricane Katrina toward long-term recovery.
The August 2005 Census Bureau report indicates that poverty rose across the U.S. for the fourth consecutive year to 12.7 percent, and most of the increases this year occurred among the working poor.
Over the years, CCHD has provided more than $280 million to more than 7,000 projects, designed to attack the root causes of poverty by seeking long-term and permanent solutions.
Even with all these funds, the CCHD is able to fund only 71 percent of the requests, and 49 percent of the requested dollars.
“This speaks to the enormity of the problems faced by the poor across this nation," Bishop Howard Hubbard of Albany, N.Y, chairman of the CCHD committee.
This year's grants will fund 315 local projects in 49 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico.
Funds come from an annual nationwide church collection. One quarter of the local collection stays in the diocese, and the remainder is distributed nationally according to need.
Moscow, Russia, Oct 4, 2005 (CNA) - The small Catholic Church in Moscow has matured enough to now take an active part in the life of Catholics in Europe by hosting the next meeting of European bishops, said a Russian bishop.
The Council of Catholic Bishops’ Conferences in Europe (CCEE) have planned to meet in St. Petersburg Oct. 5-8, 2006. The decision was made last weekend at the CCEE’s plenary session in Rome.
According to the head of the Catholic community in Russia, Archbishop Taddeuzs Kondrusiewicz, Russia waited a long time to host the bishops’ meeting.
“This meeting should have taken place in 2003, but it was put off because of certain difficulties in the ecumenical dialogue which arose after the apostolic administrations, which existed at that time, were elevated to the rank of dioceses,” the archbishop told Interfax.
He interpreted the decision to hold the session in St. Petersburg as “an official recognition of the fact that the small Catholic Church in Russia has grown mature and developed enough to take an active part in the life of the Catholics in the European continent.”
Archbishop Kondrusiewicz expressed his hope that the forum would help European bishops better understanding of the state of the Catholic Church in Russia and the general religious situation there.
Washington D.C., Oct 4, 2005 (CNA) - The death penalty, lay ministry, liturgy, Africa and the Eucharistic Congress of 2008 are on the agenda for the fall meeting of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB), Nov. 14-17. It will be held in Washington, D.C., at the Hyatt Regency Capitol Hill.
Several documents will be presented and discussed, including a statement on Catholic teaching on the death penalty, "A Culture of Life and the Penalty of Death"; a document on lay ministry titled "Co-workers in the Vineyard of the Lord: Resource for Guiding Development of Lay Ecclesial Ministry", and a report on the progress being made by the Ad Hoc Committee on the Church in Africa
The bishops will also discuss the Catholic Campaign for Immigration Reform and several matters pertaining to liturgy, including the "Order of Mass" and debate and vote on the "Lectionary for Masses with Children."
There will be several presentations regarding international issues. Cardinal Marc Ouellet, archbishop of Quebec, will share plans for the 2008 Eucharistic Congress in Quebec City. Cardinal Ignace Moussa I Daoud, Patriarch of Antioch, and Msgr. Richard Stern of the Catholic Near East Welfare Association, will also address the USCCB meeting.
Finally, the bishops will elect seven new committee chairmen-elect and a new general secretary.
Denver, Colo., Oct 4, 2005 (CNA) - Yesterday, the Colorado Right to Life, in conjunction with the group, Children of God for Life, announced a massive new initiative which will demand an end to the use of aborted fetal cell lines in vaccines.
The resolution, dated September 24th, is the first of its kind to be produced by any state-based right to life organization. Supporters hope that it will be a model for national support
"People have a right to know what they're buying," said Debi Vinnedge, executive director of Children of God for Life. "If the FDA can require carbohydrate information on cookies, why shouldn't consumers know when aborted babies' DNA is being injected into their children's veins?"
The new resolution, which, CRTL said has been formally passed by their board and by delegates from all of their Colorado offices, comes in light of a recent Vatican directive calling on all pro-life groups to fight against the practice.
Although largely inspired by the Vatican document, the movement has become an ecumenical one, uniting many faith groups around the state.
Added Vinnedge: "In light of the recent Vatican Directive for all pro-lifers to fight this injustice, we see this as a wonderful Ecumenical response to that challenge."
To date, the Vatican said that there are two cell lines, which were taken from aborted humans in the 1960’s and 70’s that are currently used for the preparation of certain vaccines, specifically Rubella.
The June 9th Vatican document, compiled at the request of COGFL, called the act, from the production of the vaccines to their marketing, a “cooperation in evil.”
It noted that “If someone rejects every form of voluntary abortion of human fetuses, would such a person not contradict himself/herself by allowing the use of these vaccines of live attenuated vaccines on their children?”
“Would it not”, the document continued, “be a matter of true (and illicit) cooperation in evil, even though this evil was carried out forty years ago?”
The CRTL resolution calls on pharmaceuticals to produce ethical alternatives “which are not byproducts of abortion” and supports the Fair Labeling and Informed Consent Act, which “requires that labeling indicate if vaccines are created using aborted fetal cell lines and that medical professionals must obtain informed consent from parents or patients before using such vaccines.”
Rome, Italy, Oct 4, 2005 (CNA) - Luis Fernando Figari Rodrigo, consecrated lay and founder of the Sodalite Family, who is participating as an auditor to the Synod on the Eucharist at the Vatican, noted that a catechesis that helps Christians to recuperate the sense of the Eucharist and of the Sunday as “Dies Domini” was urgent.
This the interview that Figari held with CNA:
What kind of reflections would a founder from Latin America bring to this Synod?
The Great gift of the Eucharist is a treasure for the Church and the world. When we reflect upon this gift of God, a great number of thoughts arise and a permanent wonder. The believer is conscious that the sacrifice at Golgotha and the Holy Sacrament that we celebrate at Mass are the one and same. How not to fall into an experience of wonder, gratefulness and worship? In the Mass, the sacrifice of the Cross lives on sacramentally. The immense love of God for humankind is manifested through it. In making himself present and real, Our Lord Jesus Christ shows the reconciliation love and shows before us how in Him, human existence acquires its full sense. The human mystery becomes clear in the magnitude of the Eucharist, which is like the continuation and extension of the Incarnation.
Seeing with the eyes of faith, the real presence of Jesus, is to live once again the experience of the disciples of Emmaus, is to recognize the Savior and to perceive that the Heart burns for joy in his presence.
The fundamental questions of the human being, acquire an unimaginable answer. In a Latin America crucified by secularism, injustice, the abuse against human right, consumerism, violence, God comes to the encounter of the human being and, what happened in history two thousands years ago, is protracted to our days. It is Emmanuel! For what Saint John Chrysostom, commenting on that name says: “you will see God among men.” This is how men and women in Latin America see it. With the eyes of faith, the people marked by the evangelization believe firmly that the Eternal word, incarnated in the Immaculate Virgin, who died on the Cross and rose victorious of death, makes himself really present in the Altar for our good, and remains in the tabernacle shedding light and warmth to the human existence.
The Eucharist is central for the Church, but often it is understood as a Sacrament that refers only exclusively to priests. What importance does the Eucharist have for lay, especially in his role in the renewal in the Church?
The Eucharist is at the center of Christian life. The title of this Synod is precisely “ The Eucharist, source and summit of the life and mission of the Church.” It is a gift of the Same reconciliation heart for the whole Church. The ordained priest acts in person of Christ as a head. His participation is fundamental for the celebration of the Eucharist, but somehow it exclusively refers to the Priest.
The Eucharist is fundamental for the Church that pilgrims in this world. It is a mystery of faith that builds the Church and from there nurtures its faithful. In the Church, the Eucharist is celebrated and adored. The Eucharist makes the Church grow. The lay are part of the Church and take part to its mission. It is a gift for all the sons and daughters of the Church, and most of the lay. Therefore, the Eucharist is central for all the members of the people of God.
The “Lineamenta” of the Synod mention the worrying numbers on vocations and its global recess. What is accountable for this phenomenon? What aren’t there any more vocations.
In deed, there is a sensible fact of the decrease in the answer to the call of priestly vocation, as in consecrated life. It is a complex phenomenon. God calls. Vocation is properly a call from God, and God continues to call the Problem is on our side, human beings who reveal ourselves as ignorant and therefore reluctant to the call of God. There is no Crisis of Vocations. The possible reasons of this lack of answer are numerous and complex, depending in what country. To mention a few, Secularism, materialism, superficial existence, selfishness, a social pressure that goes against people who discover they have a vocation and wish to answer the call. There are indeed many possible reasons.
Which are the most the more urgent themes, from the perspective of a consecrated lay founder, around the renewal of the Eucharist piety: the participation to Mass, the Eucharist adoration, the liturgical renewal?
It is difficult to answer in an interview with the length that would be necessary. In the accomplishment of the Dominical precept, the encounter with the Lord in the community that celebrates de “Dies Domini”, has decreased for similar causes to those noted as a ferment of the lack of answer to the vocational call. We have to point out that it varies from countries and continents. Nevertheless, I would like to underline how ignorance turns out to be a key element. The lack of catechesis, education in faith. It becomes necessary to deepen what the Holy Mass is, and the liturgical and devotional life in general.
Sometimes, it is touted as a mere obligation, and not what would be as necessary as oxygen, that encourages and gives life. Evidently, there are other reasons. The renewal of an Eucharistic devotion has a lot to do with the religious practice. The incoherence between faith and life, a terrible wrong that has to be resolved. This breach that is nourished by various causes, is a key element of the decrease of eucharistic devotion. Superficiality, crisis of identity, existential vacuum. For that reason, Pope John Paul II insisted on the emergency of a new evangelization. That means to try to proclaim our faith in all moments and circumstances. The missionary perspective of the life of any believer has to be stressed. If we pay attention to what Pope Benedict is doing and preaching, we would notice that he is living himself the new evangelization.
It’s about following this path, there will be no renewal, if the evangelization conscience of the sons and daughters of the Church is not revived. The new evangelization seems to be a logical step in which one has to commit himself fully. Including the Eucharist celebration, communion and adoration, is source and summit.
Havana, Cuba, Oct 4, 2005 (CNA) - The Archbishop of Havana, Cardinal Jaime Ortega y Alamino, has asked three political prisoners in Cuba to end their hunger strike because “life is a gift from God and should not be taken lightly.”
Victor Arroyo and Jose Ferrer Garcia, sentenced to 26 years in prison, began their hunger strike in September, while Felix Navarro, sentenced to 25 years, began his in October.
“If they could hear me I would ask them to stop their hunger strike, and if the authorities have access to this I would tell them to very humanely get these people some nourishment however they have to,” Cardinal Ortega said.
While he said he understood their desperation and anguish, the cardinal warned that the longer they continue with this action, the more “they are risking their lives.”
“As Christians we do not embrace the concept of using a means of resistance that endangers life, such as suicide or hunger strikes,” the cardinal explained.
Life is “a gift from God,” he continued, that cannot be taken lightly. Therefore, he said everything possible should be done so that the persons in question “stop their hunger strike and can overcome the critical state in which they find themselves.”
Cardinal Rivera also commented on the nomination of the Ladies in White to receive the Sakharov Prize for Human Rights, awarded by the European Parliament. He said it was “logical” that the group was being considered for the prize. “This is a prize that reflects the attitude of these women, who plead for their spouses, family members and children in a very peaceful way,” he said.
He noted that the Ladies in White never use churches for their protests, but rather, often after attending Mass, they take to the streets to march. Their selection to receive the prize, the cardinal maintained, would “contribute to spreading their commitment to freedom and the well being of their spouses.”
Rome, Italy, Oct 4, 2005 (CNA) - The Italian daily La Stampa has published a “secret interview” granted by John Paul II in 1988, in which the late Pontiff addressed a variety of issues, including Communism.
Pope John Paul granted the interview to Polish journalist Jas Gawronski on October 11, 1988, during a dinner at the Vatican, but because of a direct request by the Holy Father in the following days, it was not published.
“The interview has remained secret for all these years,” said Gawronski. He said that during his discussions with the Pope, the Holy Father gave an extensive analysis of the state of Communism in the 80’s, noting especially that “even African countries are seeking to forsake the Soviets and their ideology. They no longer want to have anything to do with the inefficiency and unproductiveness of this system. Perestroika means mainly one thing: how to get free from this system.”
“Some have said,” John Paul continued, “that in general Stalin had greater leadership qualities than Hitler. From the moral point of view, both are reprehensible. If Stalin has been better judged, it is simply because Communism had a more profoundly sustained program than National Socialism. National Socialism and Fascism, which were very closely related, were inhumane ideologies, as well as simplistic and superficial. Communism was and will always be recognized as a system that promotes a greater social justice,” John Paul II said during the interview.
“The Communists have designed a system based on the Marxist idea of revolution in the name of the dictatorship of the proletariat. Later on they freed themselves of the proletariat and took away its power, and they designed a dictatorship of the party, of a privileged class in the party, which continues to this day. Throughout the decades, it has constituted a new class, a new aristocracy,” the late Pope maintained.
Asked about the reform efforts of Soviet President Mikail Gorbachov, John Paul II responded, “It would a true shame if his reform were blocked. One can express doubt and question his plans for reform, but they are undoubtedly a new development. If we compare Gorbachov with his predecessors, there is an enormous difference. The conservative forces, in the Soviet sense of the term, are powerful and profoundly interested in conserving the situation just as it is. They want to maintain the status quo of their safe and privileged life,” the Pope stated.
In October of 1993, Gawronski obtained another interview with John Paul II. “The World of John Paul II” became the title of a book in which Gawronski presented a biographical sketch of the Polish Pope and published a documented synthesis of his position on various problems facing the world at that time.
Mexico City, Mexico, Oct 4, 2005 (CNA) - The Archbishop of Guadalajara, Cardinal Juan Sandoval Iñiguez is calling on the Mexican faithful to pray for the success of the XXI Synod of Bishops, which is being held until October 23 in Rome.
In an article published by the archdiocesan newspaper El Semanario, the cardinal explains that the Synod of Bishops—of which he is one of the co-presidents—is an “very interesting exercise in dialogue, because it goes from bottom to top and top to bottom again. A consultation has begun that will be sent to all the dioceses, and the bishop in turn will send it to the parishes and communities in order to obtain their opinions about the proposed theme.”
In his article, Cardinal Sandoval also explains that the conclusions of the Synod will form the basis for an Apostolic Exhortation by Pope Benedict XVI. The importance of the event necessitates that the faithful “be united with us during the days of the Synod,” he writes, trusting that through their prayers “the Holy Spirit will enlighten us.”
Mexico City, Mexico, Oct 4, 2005 (CNA) - Bishop Rafael Romo Muñoz of Tijuana, Mexico, said this week the Church does not accept for any reason money that has been obtained unlawfully, referring specifically to the case of money from drug traffickers and their donations as “alms” that “purify.”
Bishop Romo said he was unaware of any such donations being made to the Diocese of Tijuana and that if there were such a case, the money would be rejected. He noted that when the diocese has received a generous donation, it has verified that it has been made by “honest people representative of the city,” and that the donation was made in “a transparent way.”
“The Church roundly rejects drug money because with it others are harmed, and the Church cannot receive anything that has definitely not been obtained in an honest fashion,” he added.
Bishop Romo also explained that the donation of money by drug traffickers does not bring forgiveness with it, as repentance and confession are required first for that, and in the case of the drug trafficker who repents and wants to make a donation, the Church would not accept it and would ask that “the money illicitly obtained by returned to its owners.”
The bishop said that such individuals should instead anonymously give their money to social works and to the poor.
Rome, Italy, Oct 4, 2005 (CNA) - The Italian newspaper "Il Foglio," mainly dedicated to news commentary and considered one of the most informed in the country, noted this Tuesday that some pressure group is seeking to influence on the outcome of the Synod on the Eucharist that began Sunday at the Vatican.
Il Foglio noted that the pope chose personally, persons known for their traditional stance, like the German Joachim Meisner, the Australian George Pell, and the Canadian Marc Ouellet.."
According to the Roman newspaper, "the Bishop Donald Trautman, who presides the Committee on Liturgy for the North-American Episcopate, attacked vigorously the "Instrumentun laboris", considered unworthy and criticizing the conservative position."
Il Foglio says that the British weekly, "The Tablet," attacked "the decision of the pope to invite Cardinal Jorge Arturo Medina Estevez, the ex-Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Cult, seen as the smoke in the eyes of the Anglo-Saxon progressive Catholicism, and tried to discredit Fr. Nicola Bux, physical author of the "Instrumentum laboris."
According to the Italian newspaper, the critic launched by "The Tablet" has been relayed carefully by the Italian progressive agency Adista," and is based upon charges with no evidence, that Fr. Bux would have made forgeries in the past.
In spite of the attack, "Il Foglio" says, Bux has had the privilege to see his book "The Lord of Mysteries. Eucharist and Relativism," presented at the Vatican last Friday.
From some bishops, again according to the Italian daily, "it will be sought to center the attention on the abuse made in liturgical celebrations." But " there is no doubt that on the progressive side will seek to open a breach in the so-called pastoral of the divorce that remarry, in order to allow them to receive communion."
"Some pressure seems to be coming from France. It is no coincidence that the question was mentioned by the bishops from France that are participating in the Synod. The Benedictine Robert Le Gall from Mende and Roland Minnerath from Dijon," Il Foglio added.
It will be interesting to follow the development of the debate on the theme, especially in the evenings, when for the first time in the history of synods, time is taken for a "strike and answer" among the synodal fathers," concluded the Italian daily.