Washington D.C., Mar 9, 2014 (CNA/EWTN News) -
Anticipating the one-year anniversary of the election of Pope Francis as the Bishop of Rome, Catholic leaders nationwide have reflect on his papacy thus far, noting his call for every Catholic to evangelize.
“In a certain sense, by his style of interviews and public statements, he kind of throws the ball back in our court as well – and I don't mean bishops, I mean all the faithful,” Bishop James Conley of Lincoln, Neb. told CNA March 6.
“And what I mean by that is that…it kind of falls upon us to put him in context, and to tell people what he means. And that's part of the sensus fidelium, that's part of, really, our baptismal charism: that the faithful also have the responsibility of articulating the teaching of the Church, so it doesn't focus on one person, like the Pope, like a bishop; that we all have this responsibility of preaching the gospel, and explaining the Gospel, and articulating the Gospel.”
Since the election of Jorge Bergoglio as Pope on March 13, 2013, the world has been fascinated by the Roman Pontiff, as seen by him being named “Man of the Year” by several publications. He has so far given three interviews to secular publications, and one to a magazine of the Society of Jesus, for which he was ordained a priest.
Pope Francis' personal style in these interviews and elsewhere, Bishop Conley said, “has given us an opportunity to put his words into context and to explain maybe some of the ambiguities, some of the lack of precision in his language. It's not a bad thing.”
He emphasized that the Pope has said repeatedly that he is first and foremost a son of the Church and “has made it clear he has no intention of changing Church teaching on fundamental issues; but because of perhaps his style, or his way of doing interviews, it leaves a lot of room for us to explain what he really means.”
John Garvey, president of the Catholic University of America, told CNA that when Pope Francis' words are misappropriated – as when his comment “who am I to judge” is taken out of context and used to support acceptance of the commission of homosexual acts – “someone ought to call out the appropriators on that.”
Yet at the same time, he said another misreading of Pope Francis' message, “which some Catholics may fall victim to,” is “to say 'yeah, yeah, yeah, fine about mercy, but let me tell you again about the rules.'”
Pope Francis “is saying that’s not the way to sell the faith,” Garvey emphasized. “The most interesting thing about him…is his emphasis on mercy, and his repeated talk about Jesus and the Gospels and the primacy of charity, rather than rules and laws.”
“If we want to evangelize, we need to describe what we love about the faith, (and) not the kinds of rules and laws that we all should, of course, attend to,” he said.
Garvey said Pope Francis' message is that “what draws people to the faith is God's mercy…if we respond to the message that he's communicating – that we need to love God and our neighbors, that charity is paramount, that we need to take care of the poor, that the message of the Gospels is God's mercy, and that’s what the Church is preaching – if we feel we need to respond to that by saying, 'yeah, now he’s not telling you you have to obey all these rules about sex and fasting and take your pick,' we're kind of missing the point that he’s trying to communicate to us.”
“We should, none of us, feel the obligation to make up for the Pope's failures in communication, by saying the things he says we shouldn’t be talking about all the time. What we ought to do, is pay attention to what he’s saying, and try to copy that style for a little while.”
Garvey said he has used a metaphor of teaching someone golf for how to evangelize: “it would be odd, and probably not very attractive, to say, now here's the deal, when you’re on the tee, you don't go outside the white stakes, because they’re out of bounds, and the penalty is stroke and distance…what you should do, is say the goal is to get the ball in the hole with the fewest strokes, by going along the fairways, and enjoying the company with you.”
“They're both apt description of what golf is, and of course the second description doesn’t mean you’re allowed to ignore out of bounds markers or sand traps.” Similarly, in evangelizing, we should focus on what is beautiful about the Church, and not solely rules and laws, he indicated.
Garvey also noted that an important effect of the first year of Pope Francis' pontificate is “how he has kind of transcended liberal and conservative categories,” being both fully concerned with social justice and poverty, but also affirming Church teaching on “abortion and contraception and a hundred other things.”
“There’s a tendency (in the U.S.) to think of Catholics as Republicans because they hold ‘old-fashioned’ views on sex, when in fact so much of the Church’s teaching is more comfortable on the progressive side of the political spectrum,” Garvey said.
He added that the Pope's style is “a way of taking being Catholic out of politics, and situating it in the real world; and that’s been a really nice thing, I think.”
He also noted Pope Francis' genuineness in his concern for the poor: “it's who he is. The way he’s living is perfectly consistent with the message he's preaching. He lives like a poor man, he takes care of the poor…it's not just a token, it’s the best evidence of his sincerity.”
Carolyn Woo, president of Catholic Relief Services, said March 6 that “Francis has taught us many lessons in the first year of his papacy, reminding the faithful that the preferential option for the poor is a central mission of the Church…this has made his papacy particularly meaningful to those of us at Catholic Relief Services.”
“In washing the feet of the poor, in visiting the refugees on the Italian island of Lampedusa, Francis has demonstrated that it is necessary to go beyond words to deeds in service to the poor. This is the work that thousands of employees of CRS are engaged in every day around the world, in solidarity with the Catholic community in the United States. Francis has been an inspiration to us all.”
Bishop Conley reflected on the last year in Lincoln – with the caveat that he was transferred there only a few months prior to Pope Francis' election – but saying that “I certainly have detected a greater awareness of our missionary responsibility, our evangelical responsibility to proclaim the faith, particularly among the lay faithful.”
“It seems that there is a new energy, or awareness or attentiveness, to the call of the lay faithful to be part of the evangelization effort of the Church. I’ve noticed that in parishes as I go around and the questions people ask me.”
He added that the priests, also, “have been preaching more and more about the Church as mission, and they’ve been reaching out to those Catholics who have fallen away from the sacramental practice of the faith. But also, a kind of awareness of obligation to evangelize non-Catholics, and to share our faith with them.”
Bishop Conley also reflected on this first year of Pope Francis’ pontificate in his March 7 column at the Southern Nebraska Register, where he noted the profound continuity between Pope Francis and Benedict XVI.
“Often, we hear about the differences between each man who becomes the Pope – in 2005, we heard that Pope Benedict was different from Blessed John Paul II; today we hear that Pope Francis is different from Pope Benedict,” he wrote.
“I am struck more deeply by the continuity in the papacy than by the differences. Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today, and tomorrow. And, in thought, and life, and mission, so is the Church.
He described how both know the Church is called to mission to “a world which is hurting,” saying, “Pope Benedict called this poverty a desert; Pope Francis calls it the periphery.”
Bishop Conley wrote, “I am grateful for the ministry of Pope Benedict XVI. He called me to the episcopal office and sent me to this great diocese of Lincoln. His humility, brilliance, and generosity brought souls to Jesus Christ. And I am grateful for the ministry of Pope Francis. His openness, and courage, and pastoral kindness make disciples of the world.”
Juba, South Sudan, Mar 9, 2014 (CNA/EWTN News) -
Fifty years after their expulsion from South Sudan, missionaries reflected on the challenges and unexpected blessings borne out of the dismissal, as well as upon the future of the country.
"The expulsion: was it a sign or an inevitable misfortune?" asked Fr. Daniele Moschetti and Sr. Giovanna Sguazza, provincial superiors of South Sudan of the Comboni Missionaries and Comboni Sisters, a missionary religious order, in a Feb. 27 letter.
"We would like to read it today as a ‘sign of the times’ for the mission in Africa, the Africa that was changing rapidly with the advent of the national independences."
In February 1964, the Sudanese government "issued the decree of expulsion of all the foreign missionaries" living in South Sudan, Fr. Moschetti and Sr. Sguazza said. The act affected 154 religious sisters, 104 religious brothers, and 13 other missionaries from their order living in 58 missions in South Sudan.
While the "expulsion represented a major event for the mission of South Sudan and for the Comboni family," it “was a real trauma for those who had been expelled and for the Christian communities that remained behind.”
Even though the missionaries were forced to leave, however, they "did not abandon their communities," the letter said, with missionaries continuing to raise funds and pray for Sudanese-born Catholics in South Sudan, and the Vatican "tried to dialogue with Khartoum Government in view of a possible return of the missionaries."
Even though foreign missionaries had to leave South Sudan, the experience still led to a blossoming of faith in the area. The experience helped support the emergence of "a local church, with its own hierarchy, priests and religious," and contributed to the evangelization of North Sudan, when refugees from South Sudan fled north, bringing their faith with them.
In the face of current political turmoil in South Sudan, Fr. Moschetti and Sr. Sguazza prayed that the "South Sudanese people will come out of this crisis stronger than ever," as when the missionaries were expelled.
“We believe that the people of South Sudan will rediscover the national identity to build up together their nation with the help of God, overcoming the evil of tribalism and division.”
The letter encouraged the South Sudanese to not give up hope, and to remember that "God has not abandoned his people!"
"God has never abandoned South Sudan during the long years of war," they said, asking them to face future challenges with faith, without fear, “and with great courage!”
Vatican City, Mar 9, 2014 (CNA) -
In his Sunday Angelus message today, Pope Francis stressed the importance of resisting temptations by finding refuge in God’s word.
Reflecting on Sunday’s gospel passage of the temptation of Jesus by Satan in the desert, the Pontiff said, “note well: how does Jesus respond? He doesn’t dialogue with Satan, like Eve had done in earthly paradise. Jesus knows well that with Satan, one cannot dialogue, because he’s very cunning. For this reason, Jesus, rather than dialoguing like Eve did, chooses to take refuge in the word of God, and responds with the force of this word.”
“Let us remind ourselves of this in moments of temptation, in our own temptations: no discussions with Satan, but simply defense with the word of God, and that will save us,” he urged the crowds filling St. Peter’s Square on March 9.
When Jesus is in the desert for 40 days before beginning his mission, Satan approaches him with “three groups of temptations,” noted the Pope, “and we know them well.”
First, “economic well-being, indicated by the possibility of transforming stones into bread;” second, a “spectacular lifestyle” demonstrated in the idea of “throwing himself down from the highest point of the temple of Jerusalem and being saved by the angels,” and lastly, “the shortcut to power and domination” by worshiping Satan.
In tempting Jesus with wealth, miracles, and power, Satan seeks to offer “false messianic hopes” by “distracting him from the Father’s plan,” explained Pope Francis.
Rather than following God’s “way of sacrifice, of a loving self-offering in expiation,” Satan tempts Jesus with “an easy road of success and power.”
Yet, “Jesus clearly rejects all these temptations and reiterates his determination to follow theway established by the Father, without any compromise with sin.” He is able to do so by responding to Satan with the word of God: quoting scripture.
Later, Jesus’ words “will be translated into actions” when he demonstrates his “absolute faithfulness to the Father’s plan of love” by dying for sinners.
“The hour of the passion and cross” is the “final showdown” between Satan and Jesus, where Jesus “will take his final victory, the victory of love!” exclaimed the Pontiff.
Pope Francis then reminded those in attendance that “lent is a favorable time for all of us to make a journey of conversion, honestly confronting this passage from the gospel.”
“Let us renew the promises of our Baptism,” he encouraged. “Let us renounce Satan and all his works and seductions - because he is a seducer - in order to walk the paths of God and arrive at Easter in the joy of the (Holy) Spirit.”
The Holy Father then led the Angelus prayer, closing his audience with greetings to the pilgrim groups who had gathered to pray with him.
Before wishing everyone a good Sunday, Pope Francis asked especially for prayers for himself and the Roman Curia, who begin a retreat week of prayer and meditation this evening.
Vatican City, Mar 9, 2014 (CNA/EWTN News) -
In a message to participants at a conference on the mission of the laity in Rome, Pope Francis urged the city's Christians to be mindful of those in poverty.
“I advise you to make habitual use of the Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church, a complete and valuable instrument. With the help of this 'compass,' I encourage you to work for the social inclusion of the poor, having for them always as a matter of priority, religious and spiritual attention,” he wrote on March 7 to those at “The Mission of Lay Christians in the City” conference.
The Pope reminded participants of a “fundamental” aspect of ecclesial life:“the lay faithful are protagonists in the work of evangelization and human promotion.”
“Incorporated into the Church, each member of the People of God is inseparably a disciple and a missionary. We must always start again from this foundation, common to all of us, children of Mother Church,” he explained.
Because of this “common belonging,” Pope Francis said, it is important to to place lay associations and parishes in opposition to one another.
He described the work of lay organizations as “a resource for the Church,” particularly “in their variety and dynamism,” working “in diverse environments and sectors of social life.”
Yet “it is good to maintain the vital link” with pastors and parishes in the diocese, so as to “not uproot oneself from Mother Church.”
Cardinal Agostino Vallini, the Vicar General of Rome, gave the conference’s first address on Friday.
He noted that in recent years he has considered the work of Rome’s lay faithful, learning “with satisfaction that there is a widespread presence, active and generous, that unfolds in many fields.”
“Nevertheless,” the cardinal observed, “it seems to me that today is a necessary step forward toward a more strongly felt ecclesial awareness that is more participatory and responsible.”
The conference included talks by local professors on topics such as “lay Christians in the city of Rome: protagonists in a new humanism,” as well as communal prayer and working groups for the study of the responsibilities of lay Christians.
The two-day event, put on by the Vicariate of Rome, was held at the Pontifical Lateran University.