Loading
November 11, 2008
To Live "as if God Existed"
By Father Thomas Berg *

By Father Thomas Berg *

Part five of Fr. Berg's reflection on Pope Benedict XVI - Joseph Ratzinger's book, Christianity and the Crisis of Cultures

This is part five of my reflections on Pope Benedict XVI, Joseph Ratzinger's book, Christianity and the Crisis of Cultures. If you missed the earlier columns, here are the links: part one; part two; part three; part four.

Benedict concludes Part I of Christianity and the Crisis of Cultures with a chapter entitled "The Permanent Significance of the Christian Faith."

He begins by reminding us that the foregoing historical and philosophical critique of Enlightenment thought is not tantamount to a rejection of the Enlightenment and Modernity. On the contrary, Benedict reiterates a theme deeply entwined in the message of the Second Vatican Council, namely, that Christianity, as "the religion of the Logos "and" a religion in keeping with reason," shares much common ground with the best that Enlightenment thought had to offer. Christianity and Enlightenment have shared the aspiration to be "open to all that is truly rational." But again, Benedict cogently insists that their apparent irreconcilability is reducible to a disagreement about the nature and scope of human reason:

[T]he problem is whether the world comes from an irrational source, so that reason would be nothing but a "by-product" (perhaps even a harmful by-product) of the development of the world, or whether the world comes from reason, so that its criterion and its goal is reason. The Christian faith opts for this second thesis and has good arguments to back it up, even from a purely philosophical point of view, despite the fact that so many people today consider the first thesis the only "rational" and modern view. A reason that has its origin in the irrational and is itself ultimately irrational does not offer a solution to our problems. Only that creative reason which has manifested itself as love in the crucified God can truly show us what life is (p. 49).

Benedict holds that Christians must continue to engage a secularized culture with a vision of reality in which rational activity, human consciousness, and the experience of freedom, far from being understood as the bi-product of mindless biochemical evolution, are in fact the product of "creative reason", gifts of the Logos to humanity.

And on the basis of such a positive vision, and in the light of his foregoing commentary, Benedict ends Part I, with a challenge. He recalls that some Enlightenment thinkers responded to the religious and intellectual upheavals of their day by trying to shield the fundamental tenets of the moral life from similar scrutiny and upheaval by suggesting that "even if God did not exist" (etsi Deus non daretur) those moral tenets would still be true -- for all peoples, in all times and places. In the wake of the tragedies spawned by modern and contemporary God-less secularism, the Holy Father ends by suggesting that today secularists would be wise to do just the opposite, "to live as if God existed" (veluti si Deus daretur).

This is the advice Pascal gave to his non-believing friends, and it is the advice that I should like to give to our friends today who do not believe. This does not impose limitations on anyone's freedom; it gives support to all our human affairs and supplies a criterion of which human life stands sorely in need (pp. 51-52).

'Pascal's wager', as it is traditionally called, is ever enticing. To live as if God did exist -- perhaps it is on the basis of such a wager that both believers and non-believers, secularists and non-secularists, can yet today find common cause in any number of worthy enterprises for the betterment of the human family, and build a culture worthy of persons endowed with logos.

Father Thomas Berg isa priest in the Archdiocese of New York and Professor of Moral Theology at St.Joseph’s Seminary (Dunwoodie). More of Fr. Berg’s publications are available at www.fatherberg.com.

« Previous entry     Back to index     Next entry »
Ads by Google
(What's this?)
blog comments powered by Disqus

RESOURCES »

Ads by Google (What's this?)

Featured Videos

An Indian contribution to the Vatican's Synod on the Family
An Indian contribution to the Vatican's Synod on the Family
Christ Cathedral CNA video Sept 2014
Alejandro Bermudez of CNA accepts ice bucket challenge
'The Real Albania,' remembering those who fled
Pope Francis in Albania, "one of the most important visits of the post-communist era in Albania"
Pope Francis greets paralyzed man who risked all to see him
Franciscans on the banks of the Tiber in Rome, working for the New Evangelization
Pilgrimage from Czech Republic to Assisi and Rome for intentions
Testimony of young Indian who met Pope in Korea
Preparations of the Closing Mass of 6th Asian Youth Day
Missionary of Charity, Korea
Testimony of Christian Love during Pope's Visit to Korea
Religious Sisters in South Korea react to Pope Francis kissing a baby
Warm atmosphere during Holy Mass at Daejeon World Cup Stadium
Images inside Pope Francis flight to South Korea
The tombs of the early Christians
Missionaries of Africa, called "the White Fathers"
Italian youth give testimony after mission to Peru
Interview with Iraqi Ambassador to the Holy See on the persecution of Christians
New book 'The Vatican unknown'
Oct
24

Liturgical Calendar

October 24, 2014

Friday of the Twenty-Ninth Week in Ordinary Time

All readings:
Today »
This year »

Catholic Daily

Gospel of the Day

Lk 12:54-59

Gospel
Date
10/24/14
10/23/14
10/22/14

Daily Readings


First Reading:: Eph 4: 1-6
Gospel:: Lk 12: 54-59

Saint of the Day

St. Romuald »

Saint
Date
10/24/14

Homily of the Day

Lk 12:54-59

Homily
Date
10/24/14
10/23/14
10/22/14
     HTML
Text only
Headlines
  

Follow us: