“Given the hour, there was only material damages, not to people,” Vatican press officer Fr. Federico Lombardi said in a press conference Nov. 5.
“Had it been later it would have been much more dangerous. Thanks to God no one was hurt.”
The mortar hit the embassy's rooftop, and according to the Associated Press it is “not clear” if the building was targeted.
Archbishop Mario Zenari, apostolic nuncio to Syria, told Vatican Radio that “we do not know why it happened … we cannot say that the Vatican Embassy was targeted.”
The Assad regime's news agency, SANA, reported that the mortar shell was “fired by terrorists,” the regime's term for the Syrian rebels.
SANA went on to say that “targeting the Apostolic Nunciature and diplomatic missions in Damascus comes in the framework of the terrorist groups implementing their backers' instructions in a bid to influence the stance of these missions in support of peace and security in Syria.”
The Syrian conflict has now dragged on for 31 months, since demonstrations sprang up nationwide on March 15, 2011 protesting the rule of Bashar al-Assad, Syria's president and leader the country's Ba'ath Party.
In April of that year, the Syrian army began to deploy to put down the uprisings, firing on protesters. Since then, the violence has morphed into a civil war which has claimed the lives of more than 115,000 people.
The rebels are comprised of diverse groups, including both moderates and Islamists, as well as Kurds.
Two weeks ago, Islamists rebels including al-Nusra Front occupied Sadad, a majority-Syriac Orthodox town almost 40 miles south of Homs. On Oct. 21, the Islamists seized the town, holding Christian families as “human shields”, according to Aid to the Church in Need, to prevent regime forces from retaking the village.
Churches were desecrated, and the rebels killed 45 of the inhabitants, including a family of six who were thrown down a well.
“How can somebody do such inhumane and bestial things to an elderly couple and their family,” Melkite Greek Patriarch of Antioch Gregorios III told Aid to the Church in Need Nov. 4.
“I do not understand why the world does not raise its voice against such acts of brutality.”
Patriarch Gregorios called for an end to the transfer of arms into his country, and said the attack on Sadad shows “the rise of fundamentalism and extremism” in Syria, adding that “it is frightening the Christians into leaving the country.”
The Syriac Orthodox Metropolitan of Homs and Hama, Archbishop Selwanos Boutros Alnemeh, told Fides that the Sadad attack has been the “most serious and biggest massacre of Christians” in the Syrian civil war.
The Syrian regime retook Sadad Oct. 28, after many of the town's inhabitants fled the week-long violence, joining the 6.5 million Syrian people who have become internally displaced by the war.
In addition, there are at least 2.1 million Syrian refugees in nearby countries, most of them in Lebanon, Jordan, and Turkey.
Archbishop Zenari stressed that “the Syrian people want that the violence should stop immediately. They are fed up with this conflict.”
The Vatican's nunciature in Damascus was hit by a mortar round at 6:30 a.m. on Tuesday, damaging the building but neither killing nor injuring any persons.
Syrian Civil War, Sadad