.- Archbishop Dominique Mamberti, the Vaticanâs number two State Department official, called Sept. 27 for a two-state solution to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict in remarks delivered in New York. He insisted that âif we want peace, courageous decisions have to be made.â
Archbishop Mamberti, whose official title is Secretary for Relations with States, encouraged âthe realization of the right of Palestinians to have their own independent and sovereign state, and the right of Israelis to guarantee their security.â He also insisted that both states be âprovided with internationally recognized borders.â
The archbishop addressed the General Assembly of the United Nations in New York on Sept. 27. In his French-language address, he discussed Palestineâs Sept. 23 application to be recognized as a member state of the United Nations.
Archbishop Mamberti referenced Resolution 181 of the General Assembly, also known as the United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine.
The resolution, which was adopted in 1947, recommended the creation of two states in the Palestine region.
âThis fundamental document raises the legal basis for the existence of two states,â he said.
âOne of the states has already been created, while the other has not been established yet, although nearly sixty-four years have passed.â
Archbishop Mamberti expressed hope âthat the bodies of the United Nations will take a commitment to helping the effective implementation of the ultimate objectiveâ of ensuring security, sovereignty and independence for both Palestinians and Israelis.
âThe U.N. response will not constitute a complete solution and we will not achieve lasting peace without negotiations between Israelis and Palestinians, avoiding actions or conditions that contradict the statements of goodwill,â the archbishop acknowledged.
âThe Holy See, therefore, urges the parties to resume negotiations with determination and addresses an urgent appeal to the international community to increase its commitment and to stimulate its creativity and its initiative, so that we can arrive at a lasting peace, respecting the rights of Israelis and Palestinians.â
The Vatican has previously chosen not to comment on Palestineâs bid for statehood, although the idea was strongly supported by the former Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem.
The United States has voiced opposition to the measure, arguing that Palestinian statehood should be accomplished only with the cooperation of Israel. The United States is expected to veto a Palestinian resolution asking for recognition as a member state in the U.N. Security Council.
Israel has also opposed Palestinian statehood, arguing that a unilateral recognition of a Palestinian state by the United Nations would effectively âdelegitimizeâ the statehood of Israel.