Author: Unknown; (See Introduction to Genesis)
Date Written: c. 1450 BC - 517 BC
Exodus tells the story of the Hebrew people's enslavement in
In the first section, we find the Israelites stuck in an oppressive Egyptian system. The Hebrew people are enslaved, but Pharaoh's daughter secretly adopts the baby Moses, a great-grandson of Levi. Moses eventually rises to prominence in Pharaoh's household and feels called to deliver the Israelites (2:11). He makes a misguided attempt at rescuing the people by murdering an Egyptian, but he quickly flees the nation to avoid legal repercussions. Yet after many years, God calls him to deliver the Hebrew people at the famous encounter of the burning bush and he reluctantly returns to
In the second section (19-40), the Hebrew people arrive at
In Exodus, God reveals his name to Moses and deepens his relationship with his people. He makes known his power to intervene in history by freeing the Israelites from Egyptian oppression. God shows that he wants to have "a kingdom of priests, a holy nation" (19:6). He desires for his people to love and worship him. Beyond that, he establishes a way for his people to relate to him. Beginning with the Passover meal, which Jesus fulfills, God gives his people a law to teach them how to live well. Then he gives them a plan for his house of worship, the tabernacle. The tabernacle instructions are detailed and precise in order to beautifully express who God is and how he is to be worshipped. The people construct it on the pattern of the heavenly sanctuary which Moses saw on
Exodus illustrates God's power to redeem his people from oppression and his willingness to forgive sin. It shows his desire for a loving relationship with his people and the shape he wants that relationship to take.
By Mark Giszczak