Date Written: 848-517 BC
Date of Narrative: 848-586 BC
2 Kings narrates the final decline and collapse of the kingdoms of
2 Kings concludes the spiritual history of Joshua-1 Kings (often called the Deuteronomistic History) so it is mainly concerned with the covenant loyalty of the kings not political and military feats. Jeroboam, who had set up golden calves in
In 722 BC, the Assyrians under Sennacherib conquer
Soon after the Assyrians conquer
In the midst of this dark story, the prophets shine brightly. Elijah again calls down fire from heaven. Elisha works many miracles and prophesies a few key messages to the king of
The book of 2 Kings continually points to the predictability of the nation's fate. Faithfulness to the Lord's covenant leads to blessing, unity and abundance in the land, but unfaithfulness to the covenant leads to curse, division and exile from the land (Deut 28-29).
The Lord shows his patience with his people by continually bearing with their weaknesses, by holding off his judgment and giving them many chances to repent. But the people's obstinate disobedience causes them to suffer defeat and exile. The story of the people in the land from the time of Joshua to the time of the last kings has a sad ending. The northern 10 tribes are forever lost in
2 Kings shows us that even the best situations are subject to human weakness and that our only real hope rests on the Lord. In the time of 2 Kings, the Lord was faithful and patient with his sinful people. Now that Jesus has come, his mercy is even more extensive.
By Mark Giszczak