Cardinal Jean-Baptiste Pham Minh Mân, Archbishop of Thàn-Phô Hô Chí Minh (Viêt Nam), was born in 1934 in Ca Mau, diocese of Cân Tho, Vietnam. He was ordained a priest on May 25, 1965.
Following ordination, he was a teacher at the Minor Seminary of Beato Quy in Cai Rang (Cân Tho). In 1975, due to the radical change of political system in South Vietnam, the Church underwent persecution and the seminaries were closed or confiscated by the State. During this period, he was made responsible for the formation of priests. In 1988, when six major seminaries in Vietnam were again opened, he was appointed as rector of the Seminary of Santo Quy in Cai Rang, and had to face numerous difficulties, including a lack of professors.
On March 22, 1993 he was nominated Coadjutor Bishop of the Diocese of My Tho with the right of succession, and was ordained on August11.
On March 1, 1998 he was nominated Archbishop of Thàn-Phô Hô Chí Minh.
Created and proclaimed Cardinal by John Paul II in the consistory of October 21, 2003, of the Title of S. Giustino (St. Justin).
- Congregations: for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments; for the Evangelization of Peoples.