Cardinal Salazar Gomez was born in Bogotá on September 22, 1942.
He was ordained a Priest on May 20, 1967 for Ibagué, Colombia, and on February 11, 1992 he was appointed Bishop of Cúcuta, Colombia. His ordination as Bishop took place on March 25, 1992.
On March 18, 1999 he was appointed Archbishop of Barranquilla, Colombia, and just over a year later, on July 8, 2010, was appointed Archbishop of Bogotá, Colombia. He was installed there on August 13, 2010.
He was elevated to Cardinal on November 24, 2012 and appointed Cardinal-Priest of San Gerardo Maiella.