St. James, apostle, son of Zebedee

Also, "James the Greater."

From Butler's Lives of the Saints 1894:
AMONG the twelve, three were chosen as the familiar companions of our blessed Lord, and of these James was one. He alone, with Peter and John, was admitted to the house of Jairus when the dead maiden was raised to life. They alone were taken up to the high mountain apart, and saw the face of Jesus shining as the sun, and His garments white as snow; and these three alone witnessed the fearful agony in Gethsemane. What was it that won James a place among the favorite three? Faith, burning, impetuous, and outspoken, but which needed. purifying before the "Son of Thunder" could proclaim the gospel of peace. It was James who demanded fire from heaven to consume the inhospitable Samaritans, and who sought the place of honor by Christ in His Kingdom. Yet Our Lord, in rebuking his presumption, prophesied his faithfulness to death. When St. James was brought before King Herod Agrippa, his fearless confession of Jesus crucified so moved the public prosecutor that he declared himself a Christian on the spot. Accused and accuser were hurried off together to execution, and on the road the latter begged pardon of the Saint. The apostle had long since forgiven him, but hesitated for a moment whether publicly to accept as a brother one still unbaptized. God quickly recalled to him the Church's faith, that the blood of martyrdom supplies for every sacrament, and, falling on his companion's neck, he embraced him, with the words, "Peace be with thee!" Together then they knelt for the sword, and together received the crown.

From Butler's Lives of the Saints 1903:
St. James, the brother of St. John Evangelist, son of Zebedee and Salome
and nearly related to Christ, was called the Great to distinguish him from
the other apostle of the same name who was bishop of Jerusalem, and is
surnamed the Less, perhaps because he was lower in stature, or more proba-
bly because he was the younger. St. James the Great seems to have been
born about twelve years before Christ, and was many years older than his
brother St. John. Salome is otherwise called Mary, and was sister to the
Blessed Virgin, which some take in the strict sense of the word ; others
understand by it only cousin-german, according to the Hebrew phrase, and
think that the Blessed Virgin was an only daughter.

From Butler's Lives of the Saints 1903:
St. James was by birth a Galilean, and by profession a fisherman with his
father and brother, living probably at Bethsaida, where St. Peter also dwelt
at that time. Jesus walking by the lake of Genesareth saw St. Peter and
St. Andrew fishing, and he called them to come after him, promising to
make them fishers of men. Going on a little farther on the shore, he saw
two other brothers, James and John, in a ship, with Zebedee their father,
mending their nets, and he also called them ; who forthwith left their nets
and their father and followed him. 1 Probably by conversing with St. Peter
their townsman, and by other means, they had before this call an entire
conviction that Jesus was the Christ ; and no sooner did they hear his invi-
tation, and saw the marks of his divine will directing them to what was
eminently conducive to his honor, but the same moment they quitted all
things to comply with this summons. They held no consultation, made no
demur, started no difficulties, thought of no consequences or dangers; and
their sacrifice was most perfect and entire. Like Abraham, they preferred
obedience to the divine command, before all the endearments of their near-
est relations, and forsook all they had, and all their hopes and prospects in
the world, to become the disciples of Jesus. Zebedee their father seems
to have approved of their resolution, and their mother Salome devoted her-
self heartily to the service of our Lord, as the gospels frequently mention.
All fervent souls ought to be in the like dispositions of perfect sacrifice with
these apostles, without the least inordinate attachment to any thing on earth,
being most ready to renounce everything if God's greater glory should
require it. With what boundless liberality does the Divine Spirit shower
down his choicest treasures upon souls which thus perfectly open them-
selves to him ! This the apostles, of whom we speak, happily experienced
in themselves. But they for some time so followed Christ, and listened to his
divine instructions, as still to return from time to time to their fishing trade for
a maintenance. It was in the same first year of Christ's preaching that
Peter and Andrew, at the command of their divine Master, took a prodigious
shoal of fishes by a miraculous draught. James and John were their part-
ners, though in another boat, and were called in to assist in hauling up
the nets. Astonished at this manifestation of Christ's power, they entirely
quitted their business, the more perfectly to attach themselves to him. 2

ployed her mind but in order to increase her love and humility.* Ifhei
revelations have rendered her name famous, it is by her heroic virtue and
->ietv that it is venerable to the whole church. To live according to the
spirit of the mysteries of religion, is something much greater and more sub
lime than to know hidden things, or to be favored with the most extraordi-
nary visions. To have the science of angels without charity is to be only
a tinkling cymbal , but both to have charity, and to speak the language of
angels, was the happy privilege of St. Bridget. Her ardent love of Jeans
Christ crucified moved her to make a painful pilgrimage to visit the holy
places in Palestine, where she watered with her pious tears' the chief pi
which Christ had sanctified by his divine steps, and purpled with his adora-
ble blood. In her journey she visited the most renowned churches in Italy
and Sicily, with a devotion that excited all who saw her to fervor. Being
returned safe to Rome, she lived there a year longer, but during that interval
was afflicted with grievous distempers, under which she suffered the most
excruciating pains with an heroic patience and resignation. Having giVen
her last moving instructions to her sou Birger, and her daughter Catharine,
who were with her, she was laid on sackcloth, received the last sacraments,
and her soul, being released from its prison of clay, took its flight to that
kingdom alter which she had always most ardently sighed, on the 23d of
Julv, 1373, being seventy-one years old. Her body was buried in the
church of St. Laurence in Panis Perna, belonging to a convent of Poor
Clares; but a year after her death, in July, 1374, it was translated to her
monastery of YVastein in Sweden, by the procurement of her son Birger and
St. Catharine. She was canonized by Boniface IX. in 1391, on the 7th of
October, and her festival is appointed on the day following. 4 At the petition
of the clergy and nobility of Sweden the general council of Constance ex-
amined again the proofs, and unanimously declared her enrolled among the
saints on the 1st of February, 1415.' Her canonization was again con-
firmed by Martin V. in 1419. 6

The life and sufferings of our divine Redeemer are the book of life, in
which both souls which now begin to serve God, and those who have long
exercised themselves in the most perfect practices of all heroic virtues, find
the most powerful incentives and means of spiritual improvement. The as-
tonishing example which our most amiable and adorable Saviour here sets
us of infinite meekness, patience, charily, and humility, if seriously con-
sidered and meditated upon, will speak a language which will leach the

very bottom of our hearts, and totally reform our innermost affections and
sentiments. That inordinate self-love and pride which by the contagion of
sin seems almost interwoven in our very frame, will be beat down to the
very ground ; the poison of our passions, with which our souls are so deep-
ly infected in all their powers, will be expelled by this sovereign antidote ;
and sincere compunction, patience, humility, charity, and contempt of tho
world will entirely possess our affections. The more a soul is advanced in
the school of all Christian virtues, the more feelingly she will find every
circumstance in these sacred mysteries to be an unfathomed abyss of love,
clemency, meekness, and humility, and an inexhausted source of spiritual
riches in all virtues. By this meditation she will daily learn more perfectly
the spirit of our Divine Redeemer, and put on that blessed mind which was
in Christ Jesus. In this interior conformity to him consists the reforma-
tion and perfection of our inner man : this resemblance, this image of
our divine original formed in us, entitles us to the happy portion of his


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