He was the great-great-great uncle of Diana, Princess of Wales (born Diana Frances Spencer), and therefore a distant relative of Princes William and Harry. He was also a great-uncle of Winston Churchill.
Spencer was born in 1799 in Admiralty House, a palatial building in central London. He was the son of George Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer, then serving as First Lord of the Admiralty.
He grew up on the aristocratic family’s estate at Althorp in Northamptonshire. After studying at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge, Spencer was ordained to the Anglican priesthood in 1824.
He was increasingly attracted to Catholicism and in 1830 was received into the Catholic Church. He left to study at the Venerable English College in Rome, coming under the influence of the future cardinal Nicholas Wiseman and the Italian Passionist priest Dominic Barberi.
Following his ordination as a Catholic priest in 1832, he returned to England. Six years later, he helped to launch a Crusade of Prayer for the Conversion of England, which faced opposition within the local Catholic Church but was supported by Pope Pius IX.
In 1839, following a bout of tuberculosis, he was appointed spiritual director to seminarians at Oscott College in Birmingham, where he also schooled students in cricket, a sport he described as his “mania.”
in 1840, Spencer visited Oxford to invite John Henry Newman, then an Anglican clergyman, to join him in praying for “unity in truth.” Newman refused to see him, sending him away.
But Newman later reproached himself in his “Apologia Pro Vita Sua,” a defense of his conversion to Catholicism. Newman was canonized by Pope Francis in 2019.
Feeling called to the religious life, Spencer joined the Passionists, receiving the habit from Dominic Barberi in 1847, six years after the Italian brought the congregation to England. Spencer took the name Ignatius of St. Paul.
Returning from giving a mission in Scotland in 1864, he suffered a heart attack and died alone in a ditch -- a death he reportedly once described as ideal for himself. He was 64 years old.
Fr. Gerard Skinner, author of the biography “Father Ignatius Spencer,” expressed joy at the progress in the priest’s cause.
He told CNA: “I was delighted to hear the news that Pope Francis has recognized Fr. Spencer’s heroic virtues. His virtues were truly heroic. Spencer poured himself out throughout his years of ministry both as an Anglican and as a Catholic. That he found his spiritual home among the Passionists points to the source of his zeal and immense charity as a missioner priest: hours of contemplation of the Passion of Jesus Christ and His presence in the Eucharist.”
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Skinner explained that he was drawn to Spencer after writing about Newman.
He said: “I had written about the life of St. John Henry, specifically with regard to his priesthood in my book ‘Newman the Priest,’ a fundamental aspect to understanding this great thinker yet rarely given the prominence that it deserves. Through my reading of Newman and study of English Church history, I became aware of the Venerable Ignatius Spencer, his family background being intriguing in itself, and I knew of Newman’s estimation of him as ‘a holy man,’ ‘a zealous and most charitable man’ who ‘did a great work.’”
“Upon closer study, I began to see the contrasting characters of these two eminent Victorians. Spencer himself noted this when he wrote to Newman after the publication of ‘Apologia Pro Vita Sua,’ Newman’s autobiography and defense of the Catholic priesthood. Spencer wrote, self-deprecatorily, of the ‘striking differences’ between Newman and himself: ‘you withdrawing yourself so constantly from public view, till drawn into it against your will, but to the joy of others, and I pushing myself so constantly into it, except when held back by salutary authority, to the joy of no one.’”
He continued: “The contemplative and the man of relentless activity both, it turned out, had something of the other in themselves. I feel that both St. John Henry Newman and the Venerable Ignatius Spencer offer priests of today fine role models, complimentary models indeed, for ministry, and in these two holy men all Christians have vibrant witnesses to the beauty and joy of life in the truth and love of Jesus Christ.”
Spencer is buried in St. Anne’s Church, Sutton, Lancashire, alongside Barberi, who was beatified in 1963, and Mother Elizabeth Prout, founder of the Passionist Sisters.
Prout, known as the “Mother Teresa of Manchester,” was declared “Venerable” by Pope Francis last month.