Other companies - including OnlyFans and Seeking Arrangement - "saw their profits skyrocket as the world moved online," Nealon said. OnlyFans is a website where people can pay a subscription to see posts by creators. Seeking Arrangement is a website where women can find a "sugar daddy" who will pay them for companionship.
"And they could have done much more to protect the people using their products, especially children" Nealon said.
Chromebooks - the near-ubiquitous computers used for online learning - also do not feature enough protection from pornography and exploitation, said the NCOSE.
"These entities have a social obligation to do something," said Nealon. "Especially now. And they must do so with the urgency appropriate to the gravity of these harms."
The NCOSE has published a "Dirty Dozen" list each year since 2013, but beginning in 2020 the list was expanded to include a "Baker's Dozen" of the top contributors to online sexual exploitation
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For 2021, new additions to the list include Reddit, the platform Discord, Chromebooks, Verisign, EBSCO Information Services, and OnlyFans. Returning to the list from 2020 are Amazon, Netflix, the state of Nevada, SeekingArrangement, Twitter, and Wish.
Some companies such as Visa, TikTok, and Snapchat, have made safety improvements in recent years, but still have some concerning practices, said Haley McNamara, a vice president at the NCOSE, during the webinar on Tuesday. They remain on a watchlist, both Visa and TikTok were previously listed in the 2020 Dirty Dozen.
"These entities are hereby put on notice," Nealon said. "We encourage the public and governments to join us in holding these entities accountable, pressing on them to change exploitative policies and to prioritize human dignity over profit."