The omission occurred a few months before the Vatican announced its decision in October 2020 to renew the Holy See’s two-year provisional agreement with Chinese authorities on the appointment of bishops.
The renewed provisional agreement between the Holy See and China is due to expire in the fall of this year.
Since the Holy See first entered into an agreement with Chinese authorities in September 2018, Chinese government-approved Catholic churches have faced pressure from the government to censor parts of Catholic teaching, while including Chinese nationalism and love for the party in preaching.
Catholic priests who minister in China are only legally allowed to minister in recognized places of worship in which minors under the age of 18 are not allowed to enter.
For the underground Catholic community, life has been “very harsh,” according to Fr. Bernardo Cervellera, missionary priest and journalist who closely covered the Church in China for more than two decades.
“We have seen some convents of sisters destroyed, churches closed. We have seen priests chased from their parishes and also some seminarians forbidden to study theology … and also bishops who are arrested or in whole house arrest, 24 hours a day,” Cervellera told CNA last year.
The meeting between Pope Francis and Bishop Chow was the first time that the two had met at the Vatican since Chow’s consecration as a bishop in Hong Kong’s Cathedral of Immaculate Conception in December.
Hong Kong has faced a steep rise in the number of COVID-19 infections and deaths since February. There have been more than 5,600 deaths recorded in this latest wave of the pandemic, according to a report from The Washington Post on March 21.
Mainland China has likewise been hit hard by rising coronavirus cases in 2022 with the government placing 37 million people under lockdown last week.
“Thank you for your work and thank you for enduring with such strength this COVID pandemic that makes us suffer so much,” Pope Francis told Chinese Catholics.