Cardinal Turkson discussed environmental issues in the context of Catholic social teaching. While it is sometimes said that the Church's social teaching began with Pope Leo XIII, the cardinal rejected this claim, explaining instead that Pope Leo formalized principles that had always been in place.
“Biblical faith always has a social component,” he said, pointing to Old Testament passages directing the people of God to show concern for the social order.
The Popes of the last century have been clear and consistent in reaffirming this teaching for a modern audience, he stated.
Examining Papal writings from Pope Leo XIII to Pope Francis, he traced a common thread of teaching that disrespect for the environment ultimately means disrespect for human life itself.
Through various encyclicals and papal messages, the recent Popes have shown a relationship between man and the rest of creation, stressing that the Catholic faith has implications for the world and the environment.
This tradition of linking humanity with creation continues with Pope Francis, the cardinal said, pointing to the Holy Father’s inaugural Mass, in which he repeatedly called for people to be “protectors of one another and of the environment.”
In this way, the Church invites us to recognize the connection between natural ecology and human ecology, Cardinal Turkson said.
“Both of them are interrelated,” he explained. “We cannot show concern for the earth and not show concern for human life. Neither can we show concern for human life and not show concern for the environment or the earth. The two go hand-in-hand.”
The cardinal invited his audience to reconsider the way they see the created world. He stressed the importance of understanding our world as a cosmos, or ordered system, that derives its order from the Word of God, which puts everything in its place.
“When this order prevails, there is beauty,” he noted, but when this order is ignored, chaos ensues.
Justice demands that we work to preserve the order that God put in place, Cardinal Turkson said. He explained that this concept is deeply connected to the relationships that we maintain.
“All of our social lives are bound up in a network of relationships,” he observed, pointing to the examples of marriage, parenthood and friendship.
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The same sense of justice that guides our relationship with God and our relationship with other people must guide our relationship with the created world, he stated.
“Justice is respecting the demands of the relationships in which we stand,” the cardinal emphasized, and this includes our relationship with the environment.
We live our lives in relationships, and it is there that we find guidance in interacting with the created world, he said, adding that the solution to many environmental problems, like other challenges faced by humanity, is a fundamental and authentic “conversion of heart.”