The American prelate has years of experience working in the Roman Curia. He began serving as under-secretary for the Congregation of the Doctrine of the Faith in 2002 and was appointed secretary for the Congregation for Divine Worship in 2009. At the same time, he was consecrated as the Titular Archbishop of Oregon City.
In 2012, Pope Benedict XVI named him vice president of the Ecclesia Dei Pontifical Commission, which has led efforts to bring the traditionalist Society of St. Pius X back into the Catholic Church.
Di Noia was born in New York and joined the Dominicans of the Eastern Province of St. Joseph where he was ordained in 1970. He is a respected theologian who was asked to serve on the International Theological Commission, a group tasked with helping the Holy See examine doctrinal questions, from 1997-2002.
Pope Francis' appointments also include Italian Archbishop Giuseppe Sciacca, adjunct secretary of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura, as a consultor to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.
And Msgr. Giampier Gloder becomes president of the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy and given special responsibilities in the Secretary of State. He will be given the title of Archbishop.
Titular Archbishop Nikola Eterovic, formerly secretary general of the Synod of Bishops, has been named apostolic nuncio to Germany.
The curial changes come just weeks before Pope Francis will meet with a group of eight Cardinals from Oct. 1-3 to advise him on possible changes to the governing structures of the Church.