Concern has particularly arisen over a spike in the number of attacks against Christians and Muslims since the May 2014 election of Narendra Modi as prime minister.
After Modi took office the country saw a sharp rise in the number of attacks carried out against people and property, most of them perpetrated by the radical Hindu group Rashtriya Swayamsewak Sangh, also referred to as the RSS, or the "the Sangh."
The group, which has been described as "fundamentalist" and "violent," sits on the right-wing and has no official, legal registration in India. However they maintain strong ties with India's ruling Bharatiya Janata Party.
Modi has been criticized for his silence regarding the attacks, which have continued to take place against the Christian and Muslim minorities, as well as their property.
A part from a tweet or two, Modi has been silent largely silent, despite numerous calls for him to utter some sort of condemnation. As a full-time worker with the group, many are concerned that Modi is giving them a free pass.
Concern has also been voiced that police are dismissive of the cases that are brought to them, though Arora says this is true regardless of whether the case is one involving persecution or robbery or some other crime.
Police in India, she said, are "generally reluctant" to file complaints since they must be accompanied by an official investigation, which can be difficult to carry out and mean extra work and headaches.
Of the cases she has seen which have gone through, Arora said the forensic evidence that was gathered, such as the DNA testing of bones and the forensic evidence of the bones collected after bodies had been burned, "had not been properly done, so it came back with inconclusive results."
Additionally, she said that the names and ages of witnesses had not been properly recorded, which meant that their testimonies couldn't be disputed in court.
"So those were real struggles and I think to that extent the situation still stands" for many of the victims of Odisha, she said, explaining that Muslim victims could say something similar, and that in many of their cases, the evidence "was not robust enough to result in convictions."
Since mob violence makes it more difficult to find the concrete evidence of the exact persons involved, Arora said she understands "the complexities" involved, but affirmed that even so, police ought to be "more diligent overall" in ensuring a rule of law.
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Due to the long process and high costs that arise from the investigations and paying a lawyer, churches with limited resources are finding it difficult to advance their cases when incidents occur, Arora noted, explaining that this is also an area of concern she is trying to work with.
Part of the problem with hostilities against Christians and Muslims, she said, is that the law "isn't being used properly," and that when certain communities decide to waive their rights, "they begin to get watered down."
She recounted a few cases of churches being shut down for either a few days or for several months due to a misinterpretation of the law. However, after intervening in the cases, she was able to help re-open the churches within a matter of days.
Arora said that she has seen several recent success stories which have been a source of encouragement, and suggested that in some cases the law could actually be on the side of those facing persecution, but it simply isn't being properly used.
Elise Harris was senior Rome correspondent for CNA from 2012 to 2018.