After the Second Vatican Council, the Missal issued by Bl. Paul VI, also known as the Novus Ordo, was widely adopted. It was widely translated into vernacular languages, and is often celebrated with the priest facing toward the congregation.
However, not a few faithful continued to be attached to the earlier form of the liturgy, and Benedict's motu proprio was considered a generous response to these faithful.
Benedict wrote in the motu proprio that the two forms "will in no way lead to a division" in the Church's belief "for they are two usages of the one Roman rite."
In his letter to bishops accompanying Summorum Pontificum, Benedict also noted that "the two Forms of the usage of the Roman Rite can be mutually enriching."
Fr. Nuara reflected that since Summorum Pontificum, "those who have permission to use the ancient form of the liturgy have also at the same time rediscovered the sanctity of the new."
This mutual enrichment is a discovery Fr. Nuara said he himself has made in his 25 years as a priest, during which he has celebrated both the new and ancient liturgical formulas.
But it is also a discovery "that many (other) priests have made."
"Benedict is a positive man. Benedict, who reflects as a theologian and a pastor, realized that the ancient form that has grown in the history of the Church for years, can give new impetus to the new form," he said.
The Mass "is the bridge where they meet, because the Eucharist is the point of encounter … the sacrament of unity," Fr. Nuara said, adding that what "must be avoided" is that people "take advantage of their particular trend or attention to one or the other liturgy, to create fences of division and separation."
Benedict himself celebrated the new form of the liturgy "with great dignity," but before his election as Bishop of Rome was also known to celebrate the ancient liturgy with the same esteem.
What Summorum Pontificum seeks to do, then, is to work for this unity, he said, adding that at 10 years since its publication, his hope is that people from both sides will work toward this goal.
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"We want to send, to communicate this message," he said. "Because the Church is a family, the family of God."
When the Summorum Pontificum Pilgrimage takes place in September, it will be a privileged time to show this unity, he said.
The event's first day, held at the Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas, will feature keynote addresses from Archbishop Guido Pozzo, secretary of the Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei; Cardinal Gerhard Müller, prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith and president of the PCED; and Cardinal Robert Sarah, prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship.
Pilgrims who come will participate in various other activities throughout the rest of the three days, including adoration and a Eucharistic procession presided over by Archbishop Pozzo on Sept. 16, followed by a Pontifical High Mass said by Cardinal Carlo Caffarra, Archbishop Emeritus of Bologna.
Titled "Summorum Pontificum: A renewed youth for the Church," the pilgrimage is being organized by the "Priestly Friends of Summorum Pontificum" and "Youth and Tradition" associations in partnership with the Coetus Internationalis Summorum Pontificum.
Speaking of the title in comments to journalists, Fr. Nuara noted that a "truly surprising" phenomenon is that the "true protagonists" of this new "season of the Church … are the youth."