Bishop Felipe Estevez of St. Augustine, Fla. said that the youth have been drawn to Eucharistic Adoration and have a "renewed appreciation for silence and desire for silence which manifests a thirst for spiritual life, for growth in the knowledge of the Lord."
"We need to develop more the theology of gift," he added, in a culture of "pragmatism" and "functionality." Meditation on the gift in the Cross "needs to be internalized in the discernment of a vocation," he said.
Many young people are struggling with racism prevalent in society and are "angry and disconnected from the political process," Bishop Jaime Soto of Sacramento added.
The Church should think of "how to engage" these disaffected youth, who "feel in many cases disowned by the more traditional institutions and organizations that were important to their parents and grandparents," he said.
Invitation needs to be a theme of evangelization at the synod, said Archbishop Timothy Broglio of the Archdiocese for Military Services, USA. He insisted that active Catholics need to invite their peers to prayer and to the Mass.
Bishop Robert Barron, auxiliary bishop of Los Angeles and founder of Word on Fire ministry, pointed to intellectual objections or challenges to the faith among many young baptized Catholics, like struggles with believing in God and perceived conflicts between religion and science.
The language of missionary discipleship and the sacraments is "opaque" to them, he said, insisting that "we have to clear the ground in a significant way" through a "new apologetics."
The bishops must "think through this issue of addressing some of these real intellectual difficulties young people have before we can plant the seed of effective evangelization," he said.
Dr. John Cavadini, a theology professor at the University of Notre Dame, started the discussion by addressing the bishops on the centrality of the sacrament of Baptism to vocational discernment.
In addition to being a theology professor at Notre Dame, Cavadini is also the director of the McGrath Institute for Church Life at the university, and previously served on the International Theological Commission from 2009, when he was appointed by Pope Benedict XVI, until 2014.
"We hear lots of exhortations for young people to change the world," he noted, but "this can actually verge on secularizing the baptismal vocation" in making it "a vocation of the world."
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Rather, he said, discussion must emphasize the "mystery of the Church."
"Meditating on the mystery of the Church" is not thinking about it as a charter or a constitution of some club, he insisted. Rather, it is about meditating on the "wounds of Christ from which His most previous blood flowed" which is the real birth of the Church.
"Meditating on one's dwelling near, and even in, the wounds of Christ," he said, brings about an "intimacy of love," to which "one's only response can be 'Thank you, Lord, for this love'."
Catholics should also see Christ's example of "self-emptying love" which is reflected in the Church, Cavadini said.
"The one who loves the Church loves the love who had no contempt for anything human, but did not spare Himself," he said, noting that Jesus reached out to sinners.
"He didn't back away from that solidarity" even when the penalty for it was death, Cavadini said. Rather, He "received the blow, and so transfigured the whole of human solidarity" from "solidarity in sin" to solidarity "in His love."