A total of three percent of respondents said that they had been physically attacked due to anti-Semitism over the past five years.
This report “confirms what we’ve heard anecdotally in recent years: more than ever European Jews are fearing for their safety and questioning whether there is a future for them in their home countries,” said Anti-Defamation League CEO Jonathan Greenblatt in a published statement on the organization’s website.
Nearly eight out of 10 of those who were harassed said that they did not report the harassment to the police.
The survey, which was conducted online, received responses from over 16,000 people over the age of 16 and was was carried out between May and June 2018. It included respondents living in Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Latvia was also included in the initial survey, but a low number of responses led the FRA to include its data as an annex to the report. These countries contain 96 percent of the EU’s estimated Jewish population.
The survey showed that 85 percent of respondents said that they believed that anti-Semitism is the “biggest social or political problem” in their country, with nearly nine out of 10 respondents reporting that they felt that anti-Semitism had increased over the past five years. This number is an increase of 19 percentage points since the 2012 survey.
Eighty-nine percent of those surveyed said that anti-Semitic attitudes were “most problematic” on the internet, including social media.
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A similarly large majority - 73 percent - reported that public spaces were home to anti-Semitic attitudes.
Nearly the same percentage of people said that they viewed anti-Semitism as problematic in the media and in political life--71 and 70 percent, respectively.
About half of those surveyed said that they were worried about further harassment in the coming year, and 40 percent said they were worried about being physically attacked due to being Jewish. Just over a third of respondents said they had taken steps to avoid visiting Jewish sites or events due to safety fears, and 38 percent said that they are considering leaving their home country because they do not feel safe.