Trump and Netanyahu unveiled their plan Jan. 28, which includes an independent Palestinian state with a capital in East Jerusalem.
Despite this, Trump insisted that Jerusalem would also remain "Israel's undivided- very important- undivided capital." The United States moved its embassy in Israel to Jerusalem in 2017.
A group of bishops from the United States and Europe visiting the Holy Land in January called on their countries' governments to acknowledge the state of Palestine and to apply international law in Israel and the surrounding area in order to promote peace and justice.
"Our governments must do more to meet their responsibilities for upholding international law and protecting human dignity. In some cases they have become actively complicit in the evils of conflict and occupation," the bishops said Jan. 16.
The bishops said it was "painfully clear" that living conditions for the people of the Holy Land are worsening, particularly "in the West Bank where our sisters and brothers are denied even basic rights including freedom of movement."
The visiting bishops said that local bishops warn "that people are facing further 'evaporation of hope for a durable solution'." They added: "We have witnessed this reality first-hand, particularly how construction of settlements and the separation wall is destroying any prospect of two states existing in peace."
The bishops encouraged their own countries' governments to find political solutions to the conflicts in the Holy Land, including: "insisting upon the application of international law; following the Holy See's lead in recognizing the State of Palestine, addressing the security concerns of Israel and the right of all to live in safety, rejecting political or economic support for settlements, and resolutely opposing acts of violence or abuses of human rights by any side."
The Vatican recognized the state of Palestine in May 2015.