Carroll said he supports more local solutions rather than one-size-fits-all pandemic restrictions, because what is needed in places like Florida, where many seniors live, will be different than in a college town. Similarly, a greater emphasis on subsidiarity would allow urban and rural areas to impose whatever restrictions are appropriate for them.
"Giving the local people the ability to make some of the decisions, that's better than having one central decision. They could make the wrong decision, and then you've lost the chance to see what might work. So I think subsidiarity is a strength there," Carroll said.
"By giving local authorities more power to make the decisions, you're more likely to craft a policy that meets that particular local area. So, in that sense, subsidiarity is well designed for a problem like this."
As the virus spread earlier this year, politicians, including President Trump, were in uncharted territory in many ways, Carroll said.
"Once it got started, you can't fault [Trump] in a situation where even the doctors didn't know how this was going to behave. It was new, and it was the first time they'd seen it. And so there's going to be some errors expected. You have to give them a little bit of grace and mercy on that part of it."
That being said, Carroll criticized what he sees as "inconsistencies" in how COVID-19 restrictions have been applied in some places, and emphasized that government leaders "need to try and minimize the inconsistencies and then, by all means, live by their own rules."
Carroll also commented on the economic impact of the pandemic. Distributism, the favored economic theory for the party platform, is a model championed by notable Catholics such as G.K. Chesterton and Hillair Belloc. The model calls for a broader system of ownership to create a more "local, responsible, and sustainable" economy.
The ASP favors a rewrite of regulations and tax incentives to favor small businesses and family farms, rather than major corporations.
Carroll said the pandemic has exacerbated the divide between large corporations, such as Amazon, which have profited greatly since the start of the crisis, and small businesses which have struggled to stay afloat or have already had to close.
"If we had a Congress that was more sympathetic to distributism, the [relief] bills that they put together would have favored the little guy," he said.
The ASP's party platform is strongly anti-abortion and supports care for pregnant mothers, as well as a system of universal healthcare. It opposes capital punishment, euthanasia, assisted suicide, and embryonic stem cell research.
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"We're pro-life, but pro-life, obviously, is more than just abortion. It's, 'Are we taking care of our elderly who are threatened by a virus?' That's a pro-life question," he said.
Advocating for greater racial equality also is a pro-life issue for the party, Carroll said. Victims of COVID-19 have been overwhelmingly poor, and disproportionately of minority races, such as African Americans and Native Americans.
Many minorities in the United States live in close quarters, do not have the freedom to work from home, rely on public transportation, and are more likely to have preexisting conditions, he said.
"All of those things make them more vulnerable, and that's a life issue," he said.
"The American Solidarity Party looks at so many different things as being intertwined, and they all feed back into the question of life and making our communities more friendly to quality of life, encouraging families. All of those kinds of things are where our party is."
Carroll said he suspects that the pandemic will lead people to the understanding that tying healthcare to employment is a "basic flaw."