Signed by Pope Francis June 29, the Solemnity of Saints Peter and Paul, the instruction promotes greater cooperation among different parish communities, emphasizing the need for the parish to be inclusive, evangelizing, and attentive to the poor.
“Pastoral activity needs to go beyond merely the territorial limits of the parish, to make ecclesial communion more clearly transparent by means of the synergy between ministers and diverse charisms, structuring itself as a ‘pastoral care for all’, at the service of the diocese and of its mission,” the document states.
To achieve this goal, the document recommends the establishment of “pastoral regions or units” entrusted to the oversight of an episcopal vicar appointed by the bishop.
“At the heart of a process of renewal, instead of passively undergoing change by supporting and going along with it, there exists today the need to individuate new structures that will incite all those who make up the Christian community to fulfil their vocation to evangelize, with a view to a more effective pastoral care of the People of God, the ‘key factor’ of which is proximity,” it states.
Cardinal Beniamino Stella, prefect of the Congregation for Clergy, underlined that societal changes, including increased mobility and the “scarcity of priests” in the West, point to the need to look “beyond the idea of the traditional parish.”
“Today people move and attend church wherever they find themselves,” Stella explained in an interview with Vatican News after the new instruction was released.
“Therefore many projects for the reform of parish communities and diocesan restructuring are already underway,” he said, adding that the document seeks to guide these reforms within the ecclesiastical norms of the Church, rather than reforms “dictated only by personal taste.”
The document builds on the 2002 instruction from the Congregation of Clergy, “The Priest, Pastor and Leader of the Parish Community,” and the Vatican interdicasterial instruction “Ecclesia de Mysterio,” on the collaboration of laity in the ministry of priests.
It includes instructions on the suppression or merging of parishes, ways of assigning pastoral ministry within the parish, the pastoral council, the sacraments, and the renewal or “conversion” of parish and diocesan structures.
“The historical parish institution (must) not remain a prisoner of immobility or of a worrisome pastoral repetition, but rather, it should put into action that ‘outgoing dynamism’ that, through collaboration among different parish communities and a reinforced communion among clergy and laity, will orient it effectively toward an evangelizing mission, the task of the entire People of God, that walks through history as the ‘family of God’ and that, in the synergy of its diverse members, labours for the growth of the entire ecclesial body,” it states.
Cardinal Stella said that “the parish perhaps has been treated so far almost like a palace, a castle to be guarded, to be protected.”
“It seems to me that we have to remove the keys, open the doors, air out the room, and go outside,” he said. “Here, this outgoing dynamism, which the pope has spoken of many times, means looking outward, seeing who needs faith: the whole world of youth, the whole world of those who need God but do not know which way to go.”
(Story cotinues below)
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This story has been updated with the addition of comments from Cardinal Beniamino Stella.