The Latest

A blessing service at St. Augustin Catholic church in Würzburg, Germany, for couples, including those of the same-sex, May 10, 2021.

TIMELINE: What has the Catholic Church said about same-sex ‘blessings’?

Dec 20, 2023

By Tyler Arnold

Here’s a timeline of how the controversy over same-sex blessings has unfolded. Read more

Raymond Leo Cardinal Burke during the solemnity of Saints Peter and Paul in St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City, June 29, 2019.

Here are 5 things to know about Cardinal Burke

Dec 6, 2023

By Jonah McKeown

As details of the prelate’s housing situation in Vatican City continue to develop, here are some important things to know... Read more

Cardinal Juan Sandoval Íñiguez.

Mexican dubia cardinal: A synod ‘does not have doctrinal authority’

Oct 11, 2023

By David Ramos

In an Oct. 6 telephone interview with ACI Prensa, CNA’s Spanish-language news partner, the 90-year-old cardinal said “doctrinal authority resides... Read more

Post Francis' post-synodal apostolic exhortation Amoris Laetitia in Vatican City on April 8, 2016.

Here’s the full text of the Vatican’s response to dubia on divorced and remarried Catholics

Oct 3, 2023

By CNA Staff

Czech Cardinal Dominik Duka had submitted to the Vatican a request for pastoral guidance. Read more

Czech Cardinal Dominik Duka speaks at the International Eucharistic Congress in Budapest, Hungary, Sept. 10, 2021.

Vatican responds to Cardinal Duka’s dubia on divorced and remarried Catholics

Oct 2, 2023

By Jonathan Liedl

Originally submitted by the archbishop emeritus of Prague on July 13, the DDF’s response had been issued to the Czech... Read more

Left to right: German Cardinal Walter Brandmüller, Guinean Cardinal Robert Sarah, Mexican Cardinal Juan Sandoval Íñiguez, American Cardinal Raymond Burke, and Chinese Cardinal Zen Ze-Kiun.

The 5 cardinals behind the latest dubia issued to Pope Francis

Oct 2, 2023

By Daniel Payne

The prelates, who also issued a “Notification to Christ’s Faithful,” hail from the diverse ecclesiastical landscapes of Europe, Asia, Africa,... Read more

Cardinal-elect Víctor Manuel Fernández was appointed by Pope Francis on July 1, 2023, to become the next prefect for the Dicastery for the Doctrine of the Faith.

Vatican releases Pope Francis’ responses to pre-synod dubia, criticizes cardinals

Oct 2, 2023

By Jonathan Liedl

The pope’s responses, originally issued July 11, responded to requests for doctrinal clarification on the development of doctrine, same-sex unions,... Read more


Read Pope Francis’ response to the dubia presented to him by 5 cardinals

Oct 2, 2023

By Daniel Payne

Five cardinals have sent a set of questions known as “dubia” to Pope Francis to express their concerns and seek... Read more


Answering the doubts: What are dubia?  

Oct 2, 2023

By Matthew Bunson

The word “dubia” — plural for a “dubium” — literally means, from the Latin, “doubts.” But another way of translating... Read more

Statue of St. Peter in front of St. Peter's Basilica.

Cardinals send ‘dubia’ to Pope Francis ahead of Synod on Synodality

Oct 2, 2023

By Edward Pentin

The cardinals said they submitted five questions, called a “dubia,” on Aug. 21 requesting clarity on several topics. Read more

Essen Cathedral, Germany.

Catholics submit ‘dubium’ to Vatican asking if Church in Germany is in schism

Jun 10, 2021

By CNA Staff

Three Catholics from the Diocese of Essen have formally requested a ruling from the Vatican’s doctrinal congregation. Read more

Cardinal Raymond Burke at the EWTN studio in Rome during the canonizations of Popes St John Paul II and St John XXIII.

Cardinal Burke: Church divisions show urgent need for clarity

Sep 24, 2017

By Elise Harris

Amid the ongoing debate surrounding “Amoris Laetitia,” dubia author Cardinal Raymond Burke said in a new interview that he’s wrongly... Read more

Pope Francis at the general audience in St. Peter's Square Sept. 7 2016.

SSPX bishop signs letter claiming Pope Francis enables error

Sep 23, 2017

A letter presenting itself as a filial correction of Pope Francis for reputed errors and heresies has been signed by... Read more

Cardinal Carlo Caffarra, Archbishop Emeritus of Bologna.

Cardinal Carlo Caffarra, second of four 'dubia' cardinals, dies at 79

Sep 6, 2017

By Elise Harris

On Tuesday the Vatican announced that Cardinal Carlo Caffarra, Archbishop Emeritus of Bologna, has died at the age of 79.  Read more

Benedict XVI.

Benedict XVI: Cardinal Meisner died a 'cheerful' man

Jul 16, 2017

By Elise Harris

In a letter sent for the funeral of the late Cardinal Joachim Meisner, retired Pope Benedict XVI praised the prelate... Read more

Cardinal Joachim Meisner, who died July 5, 2017 at the age of 83.

Cardinal Joachim Meisner, one of four 'dubia’ cardinals, dies at age 83

Jul 5, 2017

By Hannah Brockhaus

Cardinal Joachim Meisner, archbishop emeritus of Cologne, Germany and one of four cardinals who sent the "dubia" to Pope Francis... Read more

Bishops gathered with the Pope at the 2014 Synod on the Family.

Full text of dubia cardinals' letter asking Pope for an audience

Jun 20, 2017

Here is the full text of the letter, signed by Cardinal Carlo Caffarra on behalf of the four dubia cardinals,... Read more