Population decline

The Latest


Can generous family policies help boost fertility rates?

Jun 20, 2024

By Daniel Payne

Many countries have offered generous family policies for decades, but the data on their effects on birth rates are mixed. Read more

People cast their ballot in a polling station on June 6, 2024, in The Hague, Netherlands. Voters in 27 European Union countries go to the polls over the next four days to elect members of the European Parliament.

Catholic group urges European Parliament to address ‘demographic winter,’ protect children

Jun 7, 2024

By Kate Quiñones

As this weekend’s elections kick off across EU member states, the policy toolkit “invites incoming parliamentarians to prioritize families in... Read more

Fertility rose at the end of the Depression and the end of World War II with the baby boom, to more than 3.5 births for every woman by 1960 — then plummeted immediately thereafter.

What is causing our fertility crisis? Catholic experts weigh in

May 2, 2024

By Tyler Arnold

The 2023 American fertility rate fell to 54.4 births per 1,000 women, which is the lowest in recorded history. Read more


U.S. population expected to decline after 2080; low fertility a cause, Census Bureau says

Nov 10, 2023

By Daniel Payne

The Census Bureau’s data on fertility rates reflect those recorded by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Read more

Orphaned children in India.

Catholic diocese in India offers cash incentives, scholarships for couples with more children

Aug 6, 2021

By Jose Torres, Jr.

The Eastern-rite Syro-Malabar Diocese of Palai in Kerala state said it will pay 1,500 rupees (about US$21) monthly to the... Read more

An elderly Chinese woman walks with her granddaughter.

Human rights activist to China: Don’t wait till 2025 to lift all birth restrictions

Jun 18, 2021

By Courtney Mares

For decades, China has enforced draconian population policies. Read more

China unveils 3-child policy amid sharp drop in births

May 31, 2021

By CNA Staff

The country recorded 12 million births in 2020, the lowest number recorded since the 1960s. Read more

Empty cradle. Stock image via Shutterstock.

Coronavirus 'baby bust' could be worse than expected

Aug 5, 2020

By Matt Hadro

Amid steady predictions of demographic decline, one economics professor has told CNA that a COVID-related “baby bust” could be worse... Read more

Empty cradle. Stock image via Shutterstock.

Baby bust: New report predicts global population crash

Jul 15, 2020

A new study published in a leading British medical journal predicts that the total fertility rate worldwide will drop well... Read more

Close up of empty crib.

Study finds fertility below replacement rate is 'new normal'

Oct 15, 2019

Fertility rates around the world are stalling at below the replacement level, a new study has shown, as countries with... Read more

An old Chinese woman walks with her granddaughter.

China’s one-child policy will leave lasting damage, expert warns

Aug 29, 2019

Although China announced it was ending its one-child policy in 2015, the effects of the communist regime’s controversial measure will... Read more

As population plummets, Hungary to end income tax for moms of at least four

Feb 12, 2019

In an effort to encourage Hungarians to have more babies, the prime minister of the country has announced that women... Read more

Marriage is disappearing in Italy

Dec 6, 2015

Italy is facing a swift and dramatic collapse of the institution of marriage, according to a prominent Italian demographer and... Read more


Chile proposes financial incentives for childbearing

Jun 10, 2013

In an effort to reverse the country’s low birth rate, President Sebastian Pinera of Chile has announced a proposal to... Read more

Something's Missing.

Report shows children crucial to California's future

Jan 15, 2013

A new report has found “fresh impetus” for nurturing California children due to the combination of falling birthrates, retiring Baby... Read more