Even more women are now viewing pornography, he said.
All these sins "create human wreckage," he added, and on a mass scale they bring about "a dysfunctional culture." Thus, "as families and religious faith break down, the power of the state grows."
However, given that President-elect Trump has said lewd and degrading things about women, how can the Church begin rebuilding the culture after this election season?
It starts with community, the archbishop said. "I don't think anybody can be chaste alone, so you need to pick a spouse who helps you to be that way."
These virtuous communities are "really what the Church should be," he added. "It should be a community of people who think like Jesus and want to act like He calls us to act."
"So in some ways, that's the foundational purpose of the Church, to provide us companions in virtue and worship, and care for the poor. We're supposed to be companions that call one another to all those things that are essentially part of being a Christian," he added.
The government has a role in protecting this culture, he said, but has abandoned its duty to protect children and families from the effects of pornography by allowing it in the name of "personal freedom."
Archbishop Chaput also discussed with CNA how Catholics should react to the recent presidential election – with both "gratitude" and "concern," he said.
"One, gratitude to God for the opportunities it's going to give us to protect the Church on religious freedom issues," he said, noting anticipated changes to the HHS birth control mandate. "And also on the life issues, it seems like there's openness to supporting the Church's position on life that wasn't present before."
However, serious concerns persist on issues such as immigration, he added, with "the possible deportation of people that will undermine family life in a very serious way."
"There are a lot of people in my diocese who are very much afraid because of the things they're imagining that's going to happen. And that can be hugely disruptive and destructive of the life of families," he explained.
"Fear is not a good way to live your life. And intense fear for children is especially disruptive. So I think sometimes because of our excitement about the pro-life positive news, we can be naïve about the dangers that exist."
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Ultimately, Catholics should be open to working with the Trump administration on areas of agreement with Church teaching, but must also be vigilant for other areas of policy that oppose Catholic social teaching.
"I think it's really important to do our best to give the new administration the chance to develop its plan and support it in the good things that it proposes, and to express our concerns about the things that are worrisome," he said.
"But it's important for us to pray for government officials. The Scriptures call us to do that."