papal diplomacy

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Pope Francis receives Argentine President Alberto Fernández in a private audience at the Vatican on Jan. 31. 2020.

What happens when the pope receives a head of state?

Aug 27, 2021

By Andrea Gagliarducci

There is a remarkable amount of hidden choreography behind the scenes. Read more

St. Peter's Basilica.

How papal diplomacy began a new approach in 1914

Aug 6, 2018

By Andrea Gagliarducci

Pontifical diplomacy took on a new approach in 1914, with the election of Benedict XV as pontiff. The viewpoint of... Read more